“Jagannath Puri Temple : Illuminating the Eternal Majesty of Sacred Devotion since 1100 BC”

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The Jagannath Temple stands as a venerable bastion of Hindu spirituality and cultural heritage, nestled in the coastal city of Puri, Odisha. Dedicated to Jagannath, a revered form of Vishnu within Hinduism’s pantheon of supreme divinity, this temple exudes an aura of sanctity and reverence that draws pilgrims and devotees from far and wide.

Legend intertwines with history in the temple’s genesis, as it is said to have been initiated by the mythical King Indradyumna of Avanti. The present architectural marvel, however, took shape over centuries, beginning in the tenth century under the patronage of Anantavarman Chodaganga, the first monarch of the Eastern Ganga dynasty. The temple’s intricate rituals and practices find their roots in the rich tapestry of Hindu Tantric traditions, including Oddiyana and Shabari Tantras, imbuing each ceremony with spiritual significance and ancient wisdom.

What distinguishes the Jagannath Temple from its counterparts is the unique materiality of its primary deity. Unlike the conventional stone or metal icons, the image of Jagannath is crafted from wood, a testament to the temple’s distinct character. Every 12 or 19 years, this sacred icon undergoes a ceremonial replacement with an exact replica, a ritual steeped in symbolism and tradition.

Central to the temple’s allure is its famed Ratha Yatra, or chariot festival, a grand spectacle where the principal deities are paraded through the streets on colossal and ornately adorned temple cars. This vibrant celebration draws not only devout followers but also curious onlookers, captivated by the splendor and fervor of the event. The worship during the festival is conducted not only by Brahmin priests but also by Bhil Sabar tribal priests and representatives from various communities, fostering an atmosphere of inclusivity and diversity.

The spiritual significance of the Jagannath Temple extends beyond its physical confines, resonating deeply with Hindu devotees across traditions. As one of the 108 Abhimana Kshethrams of the Vaishnavite tradition, it holds a sacred place in the hearts of believers. Throughout history, the temple has attracted luminaries of the Vaishnava lineage, such as Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Nimbarkacharya, Vallabhacharya, and Ramananda, who enriched its legacy with their teachings and devotion.


Ramanuja, a revered saint and theologian, established the Emar Matha within the temple precincts, imparting spiritual wisdom to seekers from all walks of life. Adi Shankaracharya, another towering figure in Hindu philosophy, founded the Govardhan Math, serving as a bastion of knowledge and enlightenment. These institutions continue to uphold the legacy of their illustrious founders, nurturing the spiritual growth of countless souls.

For followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, the Jagannath Temple holds particular significance, as it was a beacon that guided the path of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the movement’s founder. Drawn to the deity Jagannath’s divine presence, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu resided in Puri for an extended period, experiencing profound moments of spiritual communion and revelation. His legacy continues to inspire millions, fostering devotion and love for the divine in the hearts of his followers.

In essence, the Jagannath Temple is more than a mere architectural marvel; it is a living testament to the enduring spirit of Hinduism and its diverse tapestry of traditions. Its hallowed halls echo with the prayers of countless devotees, each seeking solace and salvation in the divine presence of Jagannath. As the temple continues to stand as a beacon of faith and spirituality, its legacy remains etched in the annals of history, inspiring generations to come with its timeless wisdom and devotion.

History Of jagannath temple


The illustrious history of the Jagannath Temple unfolds like a sacred tapestry woven with threads of devotion, conquest, and transformation. Its genesis traces back to the 10th century CE when Anantavarman Chodaganga, a monarch of the Eastern Ganga dynasty, undertook the monumental task of rebuilding the temple. The Kendupatna copper-plate inscription, attributed to his descendant Narasimhadeva II, serves as a testament to this grand endeavor, shedding light on the temple’s origins and its patronage by the Ganga rulers.

Anantavarman’s journey from Shaivism to Vaishnavism adds a layer of spiritual intrigue to the temple’s narrative. Initially a follower of the Shaivite tradition, Anantavarman’s embrace of Vaishnavism came about following his conquest of the Utkala region in 1112 CE, where the temple is nestled. This transformation reflects the dynamic religious landscape of medieval India, marked by shifting allegiances and syncretic influences.

The temple’s construction, therefore, commenced sometime after Anantavarman’s conquest of Utkala, signaling the dawn of a new era for the burgeoning shrine. A pivotal moment in the temple’s evolution occurred during the reign of Anantavarman’s son, Anangabhima II, whose legacy is intertwined with various accounts of the temple’s founding. Chronicles from the temple’s annals offer differing dates for its construction, ranging from 1196 to 1226 CE, highlighting the complexity and mystery surrounding its origins.

It is speculated that the completion or renovation of the temple occurred under the patronage of Anangabhima II, ushering in an era of prosperity and religious fervor. The temple complex blossomed under the successive reigns of the Ganga dynasty and later the Gajapati dynasty, each ruler leaving their indelible mark on its sacred precincts.

Throughout the centuries, the Jagannath Temple stood as a beacon of spiritual devotion and architectural splendor, drawing pilgrims and patrons from far and wide. Its sanctity transcended temporal boundaries, attracting devotees from diverse backgrounds and faiths, who sought solace and salvation in its hallowed halls.

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The temple’s architectural magnificence mirrored the grandeur of its spiritual significance, with its towering spires and intricate carvings serving as a testament to the artisans’ skill and devotion. Each facet of the temple complex bore the imprint of centuries of worship and reverence, embodying the timeless ethos of Hindu spirituality.

As the centuries passed, the Jagannath Temple continued to evolve, embracing new rituals and traditions while remaining steadfast in its devotion to the divine. Its sacred aura transcended the passage of time, offering refuge to the faithful and inspiration to seekers of truth.

Today, the Jagannath Temple stands as a living testament to India’s rich cultural heritage and spiritual legacy. Its storied past is enshrined in the hearts of millions, who pilgrimage to its sacred precincts in search of divine grace and blessings. In the temple’s timeless rituals and timeless traditions, the spirit of devotion endures, beckoning all who seek solace and salvation in the embrace of the divine.


At the heart of the Jagannath Temple lies a divine trinity revered by millions: Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balabhadra. Carved from sacred neem logs known as daru, these iconic deities rest upon a bejeweled platform called ratnabedi within the inner sanctum of the temple. Alongside them stand other revered figures such as Sudarshana Chakra, Madanmohan, Sridevi, and Vishwadhatri, forming a celestial ensemble that inspires devotion and reverence.

The worship of these deities predates the temple’s construction, tracing its roots to ancient times and perhaps even to an ancient tribal shrine. Their origins are shrouded in the mists of antiquity, steeped in myth and legend that imbue them with a timeless aura of sanctity.

References to Jagannath can be found in ancient texts, such as the Oddiyana Vajrayāna Tantric text Jñānasiddhi by Indrabhuti, which opens with an invocation to Jagannath. This suggests that the deity’s significance transcends the confines of any single religious tradition, resonating with seekers across spiritual landscapes.

In the Sarala Mahabharata, a revered Odia text, Jagannath is identified with Buddha in the Adi Parva and Madhya Parva, highlighting the deity’s syncretic nature and the diverse interpretations of its divine essence.

Throughout the ages, the deities of Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balabhadra have been adorned with different clothing and jewels according to the changing seasons, reflecting the eternal rhythms of nature and the cyclical nature of life itself. These rituals of adornment serve as a testament to the enduring bond between the divine and the mortal realms, bridging the gap between the temporal and the eternal.

In the sacred precincts of the Jagannath Temple, devotees flock to pay homage to this divine trinity, seeking solace, guidance, and blessings. Their faith is a testament to the enduring power of devotion and the timeless allure of the divine, which continues to beckon souls on their spiritual journey through the ages.


Legend has it, as chronicled in Madala Panji, that the inaugural construction of the Jagannath Temple was instigated by King Indradyumna, the son of Bharata and Sunanda, alongside a Malava monarch mentioned in ancient epics like the Mahabharata and Puranas. Indradyumna’s regal lineage and divine inspiration propelled him to commission the building of this sacred edifice dedicated to Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balabhadra, forging a legacy that would endure through the annals of time. This tale, steeped in myth and tradition, speaks to the enduring reverence and spiritual significance attached to the temple, elevating it to the realm of divine sanctity.

Legend intertwines with faith and divine intervention in the mystical origins of the Jagannath Temple, a narrative steeped in ancient lore and spiritual significance. According to tradition, the genesis of the temple dates back to the twilight of the Dvapara Yuga, an epoch shrouded in myth and legend.

At the dawn of time, it is said that the original image of Jagannath, a revered form of Vishnu, materialized near a banyan tree on the shores, taking the form of an Indranila Mani, or Blue Jewel. Its radiance was so profound that it possessed the power to bestow instant moksha, or liberation. Yet, in an act of cosmic concealment, Dharma or Yama, the deity of righteousness, sought to veil its brilliance by burying it deep within the earth, obscuring its divine splendor from mortal eyes.

As epochs shifted and the Kali Yuga descended, the yearning for divine grace persisted. King Indradyumna, hailing from the realm of Malwa, embarked on a spiritual quest to unearth the enigmatic image, driven by an insatiable thirst for transcendence. Through rigorous penance and unwavering devotion, he beseeched the heavens for guidance, and Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, answered his fervent prayers.

In a divine revelation, Vishnu directed Indradyumna to the sacred shores of Puri, where the ocean’s embrace held the promise of revelation. Guided by faith and divine providence, the king embarked on a quest to find a floating log, a vessel for the manifestation of divine grace. Through the grace of Narayana, the log was discovered, imbued with a celestial radiance that spoke of its sacred purpose.

In a sacred yajna, a sacrificial ritual of immense potency, the presence of Nrisimha, a divine aspect of Vishnu, was invoked, heralding the commencement of a sacred endeavor. Under the divine guidance of Vishnu, the master architect of the cosmos, Vishwakarma, assumed the guise of an artisan and fashioned the sacred images of Jagannath, Balarama, and Subhadra from the sanctified wood.

Yet, as the divine craftsman toiled in silent devotion, a moment of doubt clouded the heart of the queen, prompting her to seek reassurance. In her impatience, she implored the king to unveil the sanctum, fearing the worst. Obliging her request, they beheld Vishnu, the cosmic carpenter, in the midst of his sacred labor.

However, the premature interruption fractured the divine covenant, leaving the sacred images incomplete, bereft of their divine appendages. Yet, in the midst of uncertainty, a celestial voice echoed through the hallowed halls, commanding the installation of the unfinished deities within the sacred precincts of the temple.

Thus, the Jagannath Temple rose from the sands of time, a testament to the enduring power of faith and the eternal presence of the divine. Though lacking in earthly form, the deity’s watchful gaze encompassed the cosmos, embodying the timeless adage of omnipresence and divine providence. In its sacred halls, devotees found solace and sanctuary, their hearts uplifted by the eternal presence of Jagannath, the lord of the universe.

Entry and Darshan

The Jagannath Temple stands as a bastion of Hindu spirituality and cultural heritage, its sacred precincts enshrining centuries of devotion and tradition. Yet, amid its storied history lies a contentious rule that has sparked debates and controversies for decades: the prohibition of entry for non-Hindus and foreigners, excluding Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists.

This longstanding rule, believed to have existed since the temple’s inception, reflects a tradition steeped in religious exclusivity and sanctity. The rationale behind this restriction lies in preserving the sanctity of the temple and maintaining the purity of its rituals, in accordance with Hindu tradition. For devout Hindus, the temple is not merely a place of worship but a sacred abode of the divine, where adherence to prescribed rituals and customs is paramount.

Despite the rule’s historical precedence, its enforcement has encountered challenges over the years, particularly in light of modern-day perspectives on inclusivity and religious freedom. The case of Guru Nanak Dev, the revered founder of Sikhism, visiting the temple in 1506 stands as a notable exception, highlighting the complexities surrounding the rule’s application.


In contemporary times, debates surrounding the entry restriction have intensified, with voices both advocating for its preservation and calling for its reconsideration. Proponents of the rule argue that it upholds the temple’s sanctity and preserves its religious integrity, safeguarding it from potential desecration or disrespect. They view the restriction as a necessary measure to ensure that the temple remains a sacred space for devout Hindus to worship without interference or intrusion.

Conversely, critics of the rule contend that it perpetuates discrimination and exclusion, infringing upon the principles of equality and religious freedom. They argue that denying entry to non-Hindus and foreigners based solely on their religious affiliation or nationality is unjust and goes against the spirit of inclusivity and tolerance.

In an effort to address these concerns, various proposals and compromises have been suggested, seeking to balance the preservation of tradition with the promotion of inclusivity. One such proposal, put forth by Ganeshi Lal, the former Governor of Odisha, suggests that foreigners may be granted entry under certain conditions, such as meeting with designated servitors and religious authorities. This proposal, however, has yet to gain widespread acceptance and remains a subject of ongoing debate and deliberation.

Amidst these debates, the Jagannath Temple continues to maintain its sanctity and religious significance, serving as a focal point of devotion and pilgrimage for millions of Hindus worldwide. Its daily rituals and ceremonies unfold with precision and devotion, drawing worshippers and seekers alike to experience the divine presence of Lord Jagannath.

Regardless of one’s stance on the entry restriction, the Jagannath Temple stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of Hinduism and its rich tapestry of traditions. Whether enforcing age-old customs or navigating the complexities of modernity, the temple remains a symbol of spiritual resilience and cultural continuity, inspiring reverence and devotion for generations to come.


Nestled within a sprawling expanse spanning over 37,000 square meters (400,000 sq ft), the Jagannath Temple complex stands as a testament to the grandeur of Indian temple architecture. Encircled by the formidable Meghanada Pacheri, a towering wall reaching a height of 6.1 meters (20 ft), the temple exudes an aura of majesty and sanctity. Another enclosure, known as kurma bedha, envelops the main temple, creating a sacred space teeming with spiritual energy.

Within this expansive complex, more than 120 temples and shrines dot the landscape, each a testament to the rich cultural and religious tapestry of the region. Adorned with intricate carvings and sculptural embellishments, the temple complex is a veritable treasure trove of artistic expression, reflecting the fluidity and grace of Kalinga architecture.

At the heart of the complex lies the main temple, comprising four distinct sectional structures that epitomize the architectural brilliance of the era. The Deula, or sanctum sanctorum, houses the triad deities—Jagannath, Subhadra, and Balabhadra—enthroned upon the ratnavedi, or throne of pearls. In the Rekha Deula style, the temple features the Mukhashala, a frontal porch adorned with intricate carvings, and the Natamandapa, also known as the Jagamohan, a hall for audience and dancing. The Bhogamandapa, or offerings hall, completes the ensemble, providing a sacred space for devotees to make their offerings and prayers.

Crowning the summit of the main temple is the Neelachakra, an awe-inspiring eight-spoked wheel symbolizing the omnipresence of Vishnu. Crafted from Ashtadhatu, an alloy of eight metals, the Neelachakra holds immense significance and is revered as sacrosanct by devotees.

Standing as the tallest among the temples of Odisha, the Jagannath Temple’s towering presence is accentuated by its soaring tower, rising to a height of 65 meters (214 ft) above the inner sanctum. From its elevated platform of stone, the temple commands a commanding view of the surrounding landscape, its pyramidal roofs and mandapas ascending in graceful steps towards the heavens, reminiscent of a ridge of mountain peaks.

As visitors traverse the temple complex, they are enveloped in an atmosphere of reverence and awe, their senses awakened by the sight of ornate carvings, the sound of sacred chants, and the scent of incense wafting through the air. Each corner of the complex bears witness to centuries of devotion and artistic mastery, inviting pilgrims and tourists alike to embark on a journey of spiritual discovery and cultural appreciation.

Indeed, the Jagannath Temple stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of India’s architectural heritage, its monumental presence serving as a beacon of faith and devotion for generations to come. As pilgrims flock to its sacred precincts, they are reminded of the timeless allure of divine grace and the eternal beauty of the human spirit.


The Singhadwara, or “The Lion Gate,” serves as the principal entrance to the Jagannath Temple, distinguished by two imposing statues of crouching lions flanking its sides. Positioned to face eastward, the gate opens onto the Bada Danda, or “Grand Road,” welcoming pilgrims into the sacred precincts of the temple. Ascending the Baisi Pahacha, a flight of twenty-two steps, devotees are greeted by the presence of Patita Pavana, an embodiment of Jagannath revered as the “saviour of the downtrodden and the fallen,” depicted on the right side of the entrance.


In ancient times, when certain communities were barred from entering the temple, they found solace in seeking the blessings of Patita Pavana, whose divine grace transcended societal barriers. Flanking the doorway are statues of the temple guards, Jaya and Vijaya, standing as silent sentinels of divine protection.

During the auspicious Ratha Yatra festival, the deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra embark on a ceremonial procession through the Singhadwara, venturing out of the temple to embark on their divine journey. Upon their return from the Gundicha Temple, they pay homage to Goddess Lakshmi, whose deity adorns the door, seeking her forgiveness for their absence. Only upon receiving her blessings do they gain permission to re-enter the temple, underscoring the significance of ritual purity and divine grace.

A striking feature adorning the entrance is the Aruna Stambha, a sixteen-sided monolithic pillar crowned by an idol of Aruna, the charioteer of the sun god, Surya. Notably, this pillar has a storied history, originally situated in the Konark Sun Temple before being relocated by the Maratha guru, Brahmachari Gosain. Its presence serves as a poignant reminder of the temple’s rich heritage and the enduring legacy of divine symbolism.

As devotees pass through the Singhadwara, they are enveloped in an atmosphere of reverence and devotion, their hearts uplifted by the sacred presence of Jagannath. Each element of the gate, from the vigilant lions to the benevolent Patita Pavana, bears witness to the timeless traditions and spiritual significance that define the Jagannath Temple.

Nika chakra

Perched atop the shikhara of the Jagannath Temple, the Nila Chakra, or “blue discus,” stands as a divine sentinel overlooking the sacred precincts below. Crafted from Ashtadhatu, an alloy of eight metals, this revered symbol of divine protection measures 3.5 meters (11 ft) in height, with a circumference spanning approximately 11 meters (36 ft).


Adorned with intricate carvings, the outer circumference of the Nila Chakra features eight Navagunjaras, mythical figures facing towards the flagpost above. Each day, a different flag, known as the Patita Pavana, is ceremoniously hoisted upon the Nila Chakra, symbolizing the purification of the fallen and invoking divine blessings upon the temple and its devotees.

This sacred ritual underscores the spiritual significance of the Nila Chakra, whose divine presence resonates throughout the temple complex. As the flag flutters in the breeze atop the shimmering disc, it serves as a beacon of hope and redemption, guiding souls on their journey towards spiritual enlightenment and divine grace within the sanctified halls of the Jagannath Temple.

Daily food offerings

  1. Gopala Vallabha Bhoga: Offered in the morning, it constitutes the deity’s breakfast and includes seven items: Khoa, Lahuni, sweetened coconut grating, coconut water, Khai (popcorn sweetened with sugar), curd, and ripe bananas.
  2. Sakala Dhupa: Offered around 10 am, this consists of 13 items, featuring delicacies like Enduri pitha and Mantha puli among others.
  3. Bada Sankhudi Bhoga: Following Sakala Dhupa, this offering includes Pakhala with curd and Kanji payas. It’s conducted in the Bhog Mandapa, approximately 61 meters (200 ft) from the Ratnabedi, and is known as Chatra Bhog, introduced by Adi Shankaracharya to facilitate pilgrims in sharing temple food.
  4. Madhyanha Dhupa: Presented at noon.
  5. Sandhya Dhupa: Offered in the evening around 8 pm.
  6. Bada Singhara Bhoga: The final offering to the deity.


The jagannath temple’s kitchen ranks as the world’s second-largest, a testament to its culinary prowess and sacred significance. According to tradition, the cooking of Mahaprasad, the sacred offering, is meticulously overseen by Goddess Lakshmi herself, the divine empress of the temple. Legend has it that any flaw in the prepared food summons a shadow dog near the kitchen, a harbinger of her displeasure. In such instances, the tainted food is promptly discarded, and a fresh batch is prepared to appease the goddess.


The Jagannath temple’s culinary offerings encompass a remarkable array of 56 vegetarian dishes, all meticulously crafted without the use of onions and garlic, in adherence to the tenets of the Manusmriti. This culinary tradition, steeped in ritual and reverence, underscores the temple’s commitment to culinary excellence and spiritual purity, ensuring that each offering is imbued with divine grace and sanctity.


The Jagannath Temple hosts elaborate daily worship services and numerous festivals annually, attracting millions of devotees. Among these, the Ratha Yatra, or chariot festival, stands as the most significant, typically held in June or July. This grand spectacle features a procession of three immense chariots, carrying the deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra through Puri’s Grand Avenue, culminating at the Gundicha Temple.

Other notable festivals include Pana Sankranti, also known as Vishuva Sankranti and Mesha Sankranti, during which special rituals are performed at the temple. These festivals serve as vibrant celebrations of devotion and tradition, drawing pilgrims from far and wide to partake in the joyous festivities and seek blessings from the divine presiding deities of the Jagannath Temple.

Rath Yatra


The Jagannath Temple in Puri hosts an annual spectacle of devotion and reverence known as the Ratha Yatra, a grand procession during the month of Ashadha, typically falling in June or July. This sacred journey, meaning the “journey of the chariots,” sees the divine triad of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra transported from their sanctum sanctorum onto the bustling streets of Puri, allowing devotees to partake in the holy view of the deities.

At the heart of the Ratha Yatra are the towering chariots, or raths, meticulously constructed anew each year for the occasion. These colossal wheeled structures, adorned with intricate designs and vibrant colors, serve as the majestic vehicles for the divine procession. The chariot carrying Jagannath stands at an impressive height of approximately 14 meters (45 ft) and spans 11 meters (35 ft) in width, a testament to the magnitude of devotion and craftsmanship invested in its creation.

The artisans and painters of Puri lend their skilled hands to embellish the chariots, adorning them with delicate flower petals, ornate designs, and vivid motifs. Every detail, from the intricately carved charioteer and horses to the inverted lotuses gracing the chariot’s walls, reflects a labor of love and reverence for the divine.

The term “Juggernaut,” originating from the huge chariots of Jagannath pulled during the Ratha Yatra, has become synonymous with immense, unstoppable force, echoing the awe-inspiring spectacle and spiritual fervor of the festival.

Central to the Ratha Yatra is the profound ritual of Chhera Pahara, or “sweeping with water,” symbolizing humility and devotion. During this ritual, the Gajapati king, the sovereign ruler of the Kalinga kingdom, dons the attire of a sweeper and assumes the humble task of sweeping around the deities and their chariots. With a gold-handled broom in hand, the king cleanses the road before the chariots, sprinkling sandalwood water and powder with utmost reverence. This act of selfless service underscores the principle that under the lordship of Jagannath, there is no distinction between the mighty king and the humblest devotee, uniting all in devotion and humility.


The origins of the Ratha Yatra trace back to the completion of the great temple around 1150 AD, when the ruling dynasty instituted this grand festival. Its significance transcends borders, as evidenced by early accounts from travelers like Odoric of Pordenone, a Franciscan friar from Italy, who documented his awe at witnessing the festival during his visit to India in the early 14th century. His vivid descriptions of the procession, with the king, queen, and throngs of devotees drawing the chariots with song and music, offer a glimpse into the timeless allure and universal appeal of the Ratha Yatra.

In essence, the Ratha Yatra embodies the spirit of devotion, humility, and unity, drawing devotees from far and wide to partake in the sacred journey of the divine chariots and experience the transcendental grace of Lord Jagannath.

Niladri Bije


Ashadha Trayodashi marks the culmination of Ratha Yatra with Niladri Bije, the day when the deities return to the Ratnabedi. Jagannath ceremoniously offers Rasgulla to Goddess Lakshmi as a gesture of reconciliation, inviting her divine presence back into the temple sanctum. This ritual signifies the harmonious union of the divine couple and the restoration of balance and prosperity within the sacred precincts of the Jagannath Temple.

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Nabakalebara, a significant ritual linked with Jagannath, occurs every 8, 12, or 19 years, aligning with the occurrence of two consecutive lunar months of Ashadha. Meaning “New Body,” this ritual entails the installation of fresh images within the Jagannath Temple, while the old deities are ceremoniously interred at the temple premises in Koili Vaikuntha. Witnessed by millions, the festival’s budget surpasses ₹41,000,000 (US$510,000).

In 2015 alone, over three million devotees flocked to the temple during Nabakalevara, elevating it to one of the world’s most attended festivals. This sacred event symbolizes rejuvenation and renewal, embodying a profound spiritual journey for both the deity and devotees alike. The meticulous preparations and grandeur surrounding Nabakalevara underscore its paramount importance in the religious and cultural tapestry of Odisha, drawing pilgrims from far and wide to partake in its divine splendor and timeless significance.


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