Covishield Vigilance: Empowering Reporting for Unrivaled Transparency

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A recent statement issued by AstraZeneca regarding potential adverse effects related to blood clotting associated with its COVID-19 vaccine, known in India as Covishield, has sparked concern among some segments of the population, particularly those who have received the Covishield vaccine.

The statement, made during a court proceeding in the United Kingdom, acknowledged the rare possibility of Thrombosis with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (TTS) occurring in connection with the vaccine.

However, many in the medical community argue that this acknowledgment is not new information, as the product information accompanying the vaccine has long included warnings about the rare occurrence of TTS.

In the case before the High Court of London, which was filed by individuals who reported experiencing side effects from the vaccine, AstraZeneca admitted that the vaccine could, in very rare instances, lead to TTS.

The statement emphasized that the causal mechanism behind this phenomenon remains unknown and that TTS can also occur independently of the vaccine or any vaccine. Determining causation in individual cases would require expert evidence, according to the company’s submission.

This development underscores the importance of revisiting a significant judgment handed down by the Supreme Court in May 2022, which addressed various aspects related to the Indian government’s COVID vaccination policy, vaccine mandates, publication of clinical trials, and the reporting of Adverse Effects Following Immunization (AEFI).

The case, Dr. Jacob Puliyel v. Union of India, was heard by a bench comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao and BR Gavai.

The petitioner, Dr. Jacob Puliyel, a former member of the National Technical Advisory Group of Immunization, challenged the constitutional validity of vaccine mandates imposed by states and sought disclosure of data pertaining to clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccines administered to both adults and children in India.

Additionally, Dr. Puliyel urged the Court to overhaul the Adverse Events Following Immunization Reporting System, which he argued was opaque, flawed, and inaccessible to the general public.

The Supreme Court’s judgment in Dr. Jacob Puliyel’s case marked a significant milestone in the ongoing discourse surrounding COVID-19 vaccination policies and their implementation in India.

By addressing fundamental constitutional issues related to vaccine mandates and transparency in clinical trial data, the Court underscored the importance of upholding individual rights while prioritizing public health imperatives.

One of the key issues examined by the Court was the legality of vaccine mandates imposed by states. Dr. Puliyel’s challenge raised important questions about the balance between public health objectives and individual liberties, prompting the Court to carefully evaluate the constitutional validity of such mandates in the context of a rapidly evolving public health crisis.

Additionally, the Court’s emphasis on transparency in clinical trial data reflects a broader commitment to ensuring accountability and informed decision-making in matters pertaining to public health.

By calling for greater disclosure of data related to COVID-19 vaccine trials, the Court sought to empower individuals with the information needed to make informed choices about vaccination.

Moreover, the Court’s scrutiny of the Adverse Events Following Immunization Reporting System highlighted the need for a robust mechanism to monitor and address vaccine-related adverse effects.

Dr. Puliyel’s concerns regarding the transparency and effectiveness of the existing reporting system underscored the importance of enhancing accountability and transparency in vaccine safety monitoring efforts.

In conclusion, the convergence of recent developments regarding AstraZeneca’s acknowledgment of potential adverse effects associated with its COVID-19 vaccine and the Supreme Court’s landmark judgment in Dr. Jacob Puliyel’s case underscores the ongoing importance of transparency, accountability, and individual rights in the context of vaccination policies and public health interventions in India.

As the country continues to grapple with the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, these developments serve as poignant reminders of the imperative to strike a delicate balance between safeguarding public health and respecting individual freedoms.

Nobody can be forced to get covishield vaccine

In a landmark judgment delivered in May 2022, the Supreme Court of India reaffirmed the fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution, particularly with regard to individual autonomy and bodily integrity in the context of COVID-19 vaccination mandates.

The case, Dr. Jacob Puliyel v. Union of India, saw the Court grapple with complex constitutional issues surrounding the imposition of vaccine mandates by various states and the rights of individuals to refuse vaccination.

Central to the Court’s ruling was the recognition of the right to bodily integrity as guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution.

The Court held unequivocally that no individual can be compelled or coerced into receiving a vaccine against their will. This assertion underscored the sacrosanct nature of individual autonomy and the right to make decisions about one’s own body free from external compulsion or interference.

Furthermore, the Court acknowledged the legitimate authority of the government to impose restrictions on the rights of unvaccinated persons in the interests of public health.

However, crucially, the Court emphasized that any such restrictions must be reasonable and proportionate to the objectives sought to be achieved. This balancing act between individual rights and public health imperatives formed the crux of the Court’s deliberations.

In scrutinizing the vaccine mandates imposed by various states, the Court found that they fell short of meeting the threshold of reasonableness and proportionality.

The mandates, which sought to compel individuals to receive COVID-19 vaccines under threat of punitive measures, were deemed disproportionate in light of the individual right to bodily integrity and the absence of sufficient justification for such coercion.

As a result, the Court directed a comprehensive review of the vaccine mandates by the respective state governments.

This directive underscored the imperative of recalibrating public health interventions to strike a delicate balance between safeguarding public health and upholding individual liberties. The Court’s decision heralded a critical reassessment of the legal and ethical dimensions of vaccine mandates in India’s ongoing battle against the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Court’s ruling in Dr. Jacob Puliyel’s case represents a significant milestone in the evolution of constitutional jurisprudence surrounding public health interventions and individual rights in India.

By affirming the primacy of bodily integrity and autonomy, the Court reaffirmed the foundational principles upon which democratic societies are built.

Moreover, by emphasizing the importance of reasonableness and proportionality in the imposition of restrictions, the Court provided vital guidance to policymakers and lawmakers tasked with navigating the complex terrain of public health governance.

In the wake of the Court’s judgment, state governments are now tasked with reassessing their vaccine mandates to ensure compliance with constitutional principles and legal norms.

This process of review offers an opportunity for dialogue and engagement between policymakers, public health experts, and civil society stakeholders to chart a course forward that respects both individual rights and collective well-being.

In conclusion, the Supreme Court’s ruling in Dr. Jacob Puliyel’s case underscores the critical importance of upholding individual rights and liberties in the face of public health exigencies.

By affirming the right to bodily integrity and emphasizing the need for proportionate and reasonable restrictions, the Court reaffirmed its role as a guardian of constitutional values and democratic principles in India’s ongoing struggle against the COVID-19 pandemic.

Emergency authorization given to vaccines as per due process


In a significant ruling, the Supreme Court of India addressed the petitioner’s concerns regarding the emergency use approvals granted to Covishield and Covaxin, two prominent COVID-19 vaccines, in response to the ongoing pandemic.

The petitioner contended that these approvals had been rushed and lacked a comprehensive review of relevant data. However, the Court rejected this assertion, emphasizing the need for balance between transparency and regulatory requirements.

Central to the Court’s decision was the recognition that while transparency is essential, it must be balanced against the need for efficient regulatory processes, particularly in the context of a global health crisis.

The Court noted that relevant information regarding the minutes of regulatory meetings and key trial outcomes were available in the public domain, satisfying the basic requirements of disclosure.

Rejecting the petitioner’s demand for exhaustive details of clinical trials, the Court cited WHO guidelines and Good Clinical Practice (GCP) standards, which emphasize the publication of trial findings and key outcomes rather than every minute detail.

The Court’s decision was bolstered by the fact that both Covishield and Covaxin had received approval from the World Health Organization (WHO), indicating a level of international validation.

Moreover, the Court acknowledged the regulatory framework established under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, and the New Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019, which govern the approval process for vaccines in India. It found that there had been “material compliance” with these regulations prior to the emergency authorization of the vaccines.

Despite affirming the adequacy of the regulatory process, the Court recognized the importance of ongoing monitoring and transparency.

It directed the disclosure of post-approval clinical trial data for Covishield and Covaxin, subject to privacy considerations and compliance with regulatory guidelines. This directive reflected the Court’s commitment to ensuring accountability and transparency in the post-marketing phase of vaccine distribution.

In essence, the Court’s ruling struck a delicate balance between the imperative of transparency and the need for expeditious regulatory action in the face of a public health emergency.

By affirming the validity of emergency use approvals while also mandating transparency in post-approval trials, the Court sought to uphold public trust in the regulatory process while safeguarding the rights of individuals.

Moving forward, the Court’s decision is likely to have far-reaching implications for vaccine regulation and oversight in India. It underscores the importance of transparency and accountability in the development and distribution of vaccines, particularly in the context of a global pandemic.

Moreover, it highlights the need for ongoing monitoring and evaluation of vaccine safety and efficacy, even after regulatory approval has been granted.

In conclusion, the Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Covishield and Covaxin emergency approvals reflects a nuanced understanding of the complex issues at stake.

By balancing the imperatives of transparency, regulatory efficiency, and public health, the Court has charted a course that seeks to ensure both the safety of vaccines and the protection of individual rights.

Reporting of AEFI


In a significant ruling, the Court expressed its satisfaction with the protocol established by the Union Government for the reporting of Adverse Effects Following Immunizations (AEFI), deeming it “well-defined.”

Refuting the petitioner’s claims of a faulty surveillance system for AEFIs and alleged non-disclosure of accurate figures regarding adverse reactions post-inoculation, the Court stood firm in its acceptance of the government’s reporting mechanism.

However, it also acknowledged the petitioner’s suggestion that individuals and private doctors should have the opportunity to report adverse events, thereby emphasizing the need for wider participation in documenting adverse effects.

The Court underscored the critical importance of proper documentation of adverse effects, emphasizing that such information is indispensable for assessing vaccine safety and facilitating further scientific research on the pandemic.

Recognizing the necessity of collecting accurate data on adverse events, the Court highlighted the imperative of broader public engagement in reporting such occurrences.

In line with this directive, the Union Government was tasked with implementing a mechanism to facilitate the self-reporting of suspected adverse events by individuals and private doctors through a virtual platform.

The reports generated through this platform would be assigned unique identification numbers and made publicly accessible, while safeguarding the confidentiality of personal data. The Court mandated the government to undertake all necessary measures to raise awareness of this self-reporting platform and provide training to relevant stakeholders involved in vaccine administration at all levels.

The Court’s ruling represents a pivotal step towards enhancing transparency and accountability in the monitoring of adverse events following immunization.

By endorsing the government’s reporting protocol while also advocating for the inclusion of individual and private doctor reporting, the Court struck a delicate balance between upholding public confidence in vaccination efforts and ensuring comprehensive data collection on vaccine safety.

Moreover, the Court’s emphasis on wider public participation in reporting adverse events underscores the importance of citizen engagement in public health initiatives.

By empowering individuals and healthcare providers to contribute to the monitoring of vaccine safety, the Court sought to foster a culture of accountability and transparency within the healthcare system.

In conclusion, the Court’s directive regarding the reporting of adverse events following immunization represents a significant milestone in India’s ongoing efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.

By promoting greater transparency, accountability, and public participation in vaccine safety monitoring, the Court’s ruling serves as a testament to the judiciary’s commitment to upholding constitutional values and protecting public health interests.

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